13.000 years ago: the Paleolithic Age
Neretva Delta was inhabited in the Paleolithic age.
Signs of this age in Neretva Delta
A wall engraving was found in the semi-cave of Badanj close to Stolac in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It depicts an animal figure, probably a horse, and is one of the oldest examples of art on the eastern Adriatic coast.
2.500 years ago: the Illirians
Illyrian tribes populated the eastern Adriatic coast from Albania to Istria around 2,500 years ago. This population did not leave any written signs, but Greek and Roman writers witnessed their presence, their way of life and traditions.
Discover the signs left by Illyrians in the
The stone tombs of the Illyrians were built by piling stones over the grave, thus building hills of variable height (10 to 20 m in diameter, up to 10 m of height). You can find several hundreds of these stone tombs still standing mostly on top of the hills surrounding the Neretva valley.
Impressive ruins of the Illyrian city of Daorson (the capital city of the Illyrian tribe Daors) can be observed close to Stolac (Bosnia and Herzegovina).
2.400 years ago: the Greeks
The Greeks came into Neretva Delta for commercial purposes. They founded an important trade centre in Narona, close to the present village of Vid north of Metkovic.
2.200 years ago: the Roman Empire
The Romans conquered the area during the third and second century BC and established their city at the site of the Greek emporium of Narona. Narona gained strategic importance in the battles of the Romans against Illyrian tribes.
Discover the signs of the Romans in Neretva
The ruins and remains of the city of Narona are found in the village of Vid. The most impressive building which has been uncovered so far is the Augusteum, a temple built around the year 10 BC. In the Sixteen Roman statues were found at the same site.
The Augusteum, the statues and many remains such as golden jewellery, carved bones and amber objects will be preserved to visitors at the Museum of Vid. Until then, the Archaeological collection in Vid is opened for visitors.
1.300 years ago: the Neretvian Principality
The Croats gained domination of the area in the 7th century and founded the Neretvian Principality. This population was skilled in navigation and they were known as the Neretvian Pirates. The most famous leader of those pirates was Domagoj, Duke of Dalmatian Croatia.
Discover the signs of the Nertvian Pirates
in Neretva Delta
The boats that were used by the pirates were very similar to the ones you can find on the river and the channels in Neretva Delta, which are now called "Ladja".
The statue on the top of the hill in Vid celebrates the memory of Duke Domagoj and his pirates.
In the 14th century the Delta was dominated by Bosnian rulers. The Turks conquered Bosnia and Herzegovina in the second half of the 15th century and they reached into the Neretva valley, dominating it for 200 years. During that period continuous fights were held between Croatian people (under the influence of the Venetian Republic) and the Turks.
Discover the signs of the Turks in Neretva
Norinska Kula (the Tower of Norin) was built by the Turks at the beginning of the 16th century to defend the border against the Venetian Republic. You can see it on the left side of the road from Opuzen to Metkovic (4 km before Metkovic).
300 years ago: the Venetian Republic
The Venetians ruled the Neretva valley between 1685 and the end of the 18th century.
Discover the signs of the Venetian Republic
in Neretva Delta
On the hill close to Opuzen the Venetians built a fortification named Fort Opus whose ruins are still visible.
200 years ago: French occupation
After the fall of the Venetian Republic in 1797, Neretva valley was passed on to Austria, but in 1805 it was occupied by Napoleonís forces. The French domination lasted to the end of 1813.
Discover the signs of the French occupation
The original old French road from Metkovic to Dubrovnik. Now only covered by asphalt surface.
200 years ago: Under Austro-Hungarian Empire
The domination of the Austro-Hungarian Empire lasted until the end of World War I. In that period the railroad from Mostar to Metkovic was constructed (1885) so that the port of Metkovic became important for trade with Bosnia. Metkovic got one of first hotels on the eastern Adriatic. In the towns around the Neretva schools were opened and many cultural institutions were founded.
Discover the signs of the Austro-Hungarian
The City Hall in Opuzen built in neoclassical style. An obelisk on the quay in Opuzen dedicated to the regulation of the River Neretva.